CRC selected recommendations from March 2015:

  1. The abolition of corporal punishment within the law in all settings that concern the child;
  2. The establishment of a body at inter-ministerial level with a mandate and authority to coordinate all sectors relevant to child violence;
  3. The strengthening of its efforts to disseminate the principles of the provisions of Convention and the ratifed Protocols in the local communities.
Political will and coordination In 2016, new NAPs to address violence against women and children were developed and launched, one for mainland Tanzania and one for Zanzibar. These NAPs recognize that violence cuts across many sectors and thus requires a multi-stakeholder coordination system to oversee the implementation at the national and subnational levels. The Permanent Secretary to the Minister of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children is the appointed focal point to end VAC in mainland Tanzania, while the Permanent Secretary in the ministry responsible for children in Zanzibar is the focal person. A working group came together in 2016 to compose the National Plan of Action to End Violence against Women and Children in mainland Tanzania 2017/18–2021/22 and a parallel group was formed in Zanzibar. The National Plan of Action calls for one, unifed multi-stakeholder coordination mechanism, with accountability at the most senior level in the Offce of the Prime Minister. Linking the coordination platform to the Offce of the Prime Minister ensures responsive collaboration across ministries.
Consultation The National Plan of Action was developed by consolidating eight government action plans addressing violence against women and children into one single comprehensive plan to eradicate such violence, and by undergoing a rigorous consultation process. Eight government ministries, CSOs, development partners, FBOs, children and young people participated in the multi-stakeholder platform. The participation of all stakeholders in the review and consultations has heightened ownership in the new National Plan of Action across ministerial and civil society partners.
Data collection The most recent national VACS for the United Republic of Tanzania was conducted in 2009, with results published in 2011. In 2017, the Government of Zanzibar conducted a mobile-phone-based national survey to collect data on attitudes towards violence and violent practices. The fndings of the national survey were presented to the President of Zanzibar during a special cabinet meeting in October 2017 and are intended to inform the implementation of the National Plan of Action and engagement with communities to effectively prevent and respond to VAC. The National Plans of Action for mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar establish coordinated monitoring mechanisms to ensure robust data collection and reporting on the plans’ implementation from the local to the national level.
National road map/action plan Mainland Tanzania published its National Roadmap to End Violence against Children in July 2016. The road map clearly states the Government’s commitments to develop the National Plan of Action to reduce violence against women and children; articulate critical national actions, priorities and milestones; establish effective senior government oversight; identify sector and stakeholder roles and responsibilities; promote the role of children as main stakeholders; invest in ending violence; and track and assess progress over time. The Governments of the mainland and Zanzibar launched their National Plans of Action to End Violence Against Women and Children in December 2016 and August 2017, respectively. These plans set out the overall national vision, their costs and the evidence-based actions required to comprehensively address violence against women and children. They are specifcally informed by the INSPIRE strategy and focus on the prevention of violence, with particular emphasis on working directly with communities and families to break the cycle of violence experienced by women and children.
Implementation and evaluation The National Plans of Action in mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar aim to implement all seven INSPIRE strategies; the proposed interventions include: (N) develop a communication strategy to promote positive norms and values and address gender inequalities; (S) create and sustain safe and accessible spaces for women and children throughout communities; (P) develop a national parenting framework, guidelines and a Care Action Plan; and (E) support the training of women and promote economic groups, Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies and Village Community Banks/Community Savings and Investment Promotion. The United Republic of Tanzania has adopted a CRRF that supports the inclusion of refugees into national systems of service delivery, such as education and health. The CRRF also builds on the United Nations Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP II) 2016–2021, centred on the SDG approach of ‘leaving no one behind’.
Budget The costs of the National Plans of Action to End Violence Against Women and Children in the United Republic of Tanzania have been estimated for a period of fve years to be US$117.4 million for the mainland and US$19.9 million for Zanzibar.
Opportunities
  1. Increase both plans’ focus on violence prevention through primary prevention and early intervention efforts, and generate evidence-based strategies to support prevention programming;
  2. Develop and implement a National Plan of Action communication strategy and monitoring and evaluation plan;
  3. Under the National Plans of Action, establish an integrated coordination mechanism at the national and subnational levels; and
  4. Validate the estimated costs of the plans to provide a clear picture of the fnancial and human resources required to comprehensively address VAC.
References
Reporting into SDGs The United Republic of Tanzania will report to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2019.
Government contact Sihaba Nkinga, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children.