CRC selected recommendations from March 2015:

  1. The development of awareness-raising programmes of different types of violence affecting children, including campaigns addressing social norms and beliefs around violence against children, for the general public and professionals;
  2. The thorough investigation of all cases of violence of children, the holding of perpetrators accountable and the strengthening of social reintegration programmes for child victims;
  3. The promotion of positive and non-violent forms of child discipline against corporal punishment.
Political will and coordination The National Authority for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Adoption (NAPCRA), within the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, is the appointed focal point for End Violence in Romania. The committee focusing on violence, a subcommittee under the National Coordination Committee, includes members of the Government, UNICEF, Save the Children, World Vision and a federation of 70 NGOs. To reinforce the high-profle political agenda, the End Violence campaign was launched nationally in March 2017, in the presence of the prime minister, key ministries and civil society. During the launch, all participants frmly committed to combating VAC, making it a priority issue on the agenda to promote children’s rights in Romania. The country’s efforts to tackle VAC have grown progressively over the last two decades and resulted in noticeable effects in policies and practices at all levels and in all relevant areas. Further steps were taken through successive national legislation to ban, prevent and combat all forms of abuse, neglect, traffcking or exploitation. In 2004, Romania became one of 54 countries to fully ban all forms of physical punishment of children through the Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of the Child. The institutional capacity of social services was boosted and local intersectoral cooperation mechanisms were established to provide intervention in all forms of VAC.
Consultation Romania’s National Strategy for the Protection of the Rights of the Child 2014–2020 was developed through multi-stakeholder, multisectoral consultation, including NGOs, academia and children. The subcommittee benefits from direct dialogue with representatives of various ministries (e.g., the Ministries of Interior, Public Administration, Justice, National Education, and Health) as well as the Ombudsman..
Data collection In addition to the primary data on VAC provided by the National Statistics Institute, further data were collected through a second national study on the abuse and neglect of children (2013), an Adverse Childhood Experiences survey (2012) and three HBSC surveys (2006, 2010, 2014). The situation of children in state care was also systematically analysed in a 2016 NAPCRA, UNICEF Romania and World Bank national study. With support from WHO, the first adverse childhood experiences survey was conducted in 2013, and the high prevalence of VAC and other hardship in childhood was reported at a policy dialogue. World Vision Romania conducted a national survey on VAC in 2016, the first segmentation study on the issue of VAC in Romania and possibly in the world. Furthermore, the Child Protection Index was developed, a regional initiative originating in Romania that measures the gaps between the principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the reality on the ground. Lastly, Save the Children Romania is mapping the partners working on VAC and updating a 2014 situation analysis.
National road map/action plan National road map/action plan: Romania is committed to closing all remaining conventional residential care facilities by 2020 and thus to provide one third of the institutionalized children with family-based care alternatives. It is one of very few countries that have banned the institutionalization of children less than 3 years of age. In terms of a road map, a self-assessment of the situation of VAC was frst conducted by the NAPCRA, with technical assistance from UNICEF Romania in consultation with the established VAC subcommittee. Based on its fndings, a National Road Map with Annual Action Plans will be submitted in early 2018. Romania will chair the Presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2019.
  1. Develop annual action plans based on self-assessment fndings; and
  2. Ensure the implementation of the National Strategy for the Protection of the Rights of the Child, with a strong focus on measures banning any form of VAC and on preventing and combating such violence.
Reporting into SDGs Romania will report to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2018 (July).
Government contact Gabriela Coman, President, National Authority for the Protection of the Rights of the Child and Adoption.