CRC selected recommendations from October 2009:

  1. The harmonization of its legislation with the principles and provisions of the Convention and the strengthening of its current domestic legislation;
  2. The ascertainment of an adequate mechanism to ensure implementation of the national plan and the collaboration of municipalities;
  3. The strengthening of its awareness-raising campaigns, especially in remote and rural areas. In addition, ensure the utilization of media to develop more child-oriented products.
Political will and coordination The Secretary of Social Welfare and Development is the appointed focal point for ending VAC in the Philippines. In 2016, the Council for the Welfare of Children, the national agency for children’s issues, took the lead on developing the Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence against Children.
Consultation The Council for the Welfare of Children led a multi-stakeholder consultation actively involving 43 government agencies, international and local NGOs, FBOs, CSOs, academia and 75 children and their caregivers from different regions of the country.
Data collection A national survey on VAC was conducted in 2015 in the Philippines, the frst country in the region to begin this process. Subsequently, the National Baseline Study on Violence against Children: Philippines was published in 2016. Meanwhile, A Systematic Literature Review of the Drivers of Violence Affecting Children: the Philippines was also released in 2016. The report draws from 149 research studies to explore risk and protective factors and how they interact to create drivers of violence in the country
National road map/action plan

The Government fnalized the Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence against Children in December 2017. This Plan of Action translates the fndings of the two studies into action and focuses on breaking the cycle of violence by addressing its root causes. The six key results that serve as preconditions for reducing VAC by 2022 are the following:

  1. Parents and caregivers are aware of and practising evidence-based parenting skills and positive discipline with a view to building a safe, nurturing and protective environment;
  2. Children and adolescents demonstrate personal skills in managing risks, protecting themselves from violence, reporting their experience of violence and seeking professional help when needed;
  3. Children in need of special protection have access to appropriate and quality protective, social, mental, health, legal, economic and judicial services, ensuring that violence and trauma are prevented from recurring;
  4. A well-developed and effectively managed monitoring and evaluation system for the Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence against Children is in place;
  5. All VAC-related laws are in place and successfully enforced; and
  6. Multi-stakeholder child protection structures and systems at the national, provincial, municipal, city and barangay levels are operational and effectively functioning.
Implementation and evaluation Lead and implementing agencies have been identifed for each measure. A national workshop will be conducted to determine how the Plan of Action will be evaluated. This Plan of Action aims to implement fve INSPIRE strategies; the proposed interventions include: (N) advocate the passage and effective enforcement of laws and policies on VAC (e.g., the Positive Parenting Bill, the localization of child protection policies); (R) deliver free legal counselling and aid for child victims of abuse, exploitation and neglect, and provide a child-sensitive and popularized helpline for children to report all forms of violence and exploitation and receive counsel; and (E) integrate age-appropriate life skills and personal safety lessons in the preschool, elementary and high-school curricula of public and private schools, and promote evidence-based parenting skills
Budget The cost of around 80 per cent of the measures in the Plan of Action has been estimated, but the budget is inadequate to accomplish the key objectives. In addition, the total budget and sources of fnance are unclear.
Opportunities
  1. Finalize the Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence against Children advocacy and communications plan and secure funding;
  2. Ensure that the Plan of Action is mainstreamed within the Third National Plan of Action for Children;
  3. Quantify the key performance indicators and organize an effective monitoring and evaluation mechanism, linked to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and SDG reporting;
  4. Craft an implementation plan in local government units and areas; and
  5. Enact legislation as a matter of priority to promote the positive and non-violent discipline of children.
References
Reporting into SDGs The Philippines reported to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2016.
Government contact Mary Mitzi Cajayon-Uy, Executive Director, Council for the Welfare of Children