CRC selected recommendations from June 2010:

  1. The harmonization of its legislation with the principles and provisions of the Convention and the strengthening of its current domestic legislation;
  2. The empowerment and coordination of the National Council for Childhood and Adolescence to ensure the effciency of the national system for child protection. Hence, the designation within municipalities of respective councils for children;
  3. The implementation of a new national plan of action in accordance with the Convention and the ratifed Protocols.
Political will and coordination Quantity and Effciency of Investment in Childhood and Adolescence, with support and leadership from UNICEF. Progress towards the eradication of VAC is one of the goals of this document, elevating its importance to the highest political level. Every year, government agencies are held accountable for these promises, reporting to children and NGOs on their progress on the indicators. In the same year – and as a follow-up to the recommendations of the United Nations Study on Violence against Children and a subregional meeting held in 2011 – a presidential decree was issued to create the National Commission for Prevention and Response to Violence against Children and Adolescents.
Consultation This multisectoral commission is comprised of representatives from government ministries and agencies, local government, the justice sector and civil society, and is coordinated by the National Secretariat for Children and Adolescents. Over the last fve years, the commission has spearheaded important advances to eradicate VAC, including: strengthening intersectoral coordination among response services; raising the visibility of VAC on the public agenda, especially with regard to sexual violence against girls; and, in 2016, passing Law 5659, which prohibits corporal punishment of children.
Data collection The frst representative research sample on this topic at the national level was published in 2011. In May 2017, a follow-up report was launched, entitled The Drivers of Violence Affecting Children in Paraguay. The report synthesizes key fndings available in the literature, as well as community perceptions that perpetuate VAC. In November 2017, with support from UNICEF, the Government launched the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, which covered nearly 8,000 homes across Paraguay. The survey, the frst of its kind in the country, found that nearly 50 per cent of those interviewed used violence as a form of discipline, highlighting the pressing need to work with families and caretakers to reduce VAC.
National road map/action plan In 2017, in parallel to the publication of the Drivers report, the Government of Paraguay launched the National Plan of Action for the Protection of Children from All Forms of Violence (2017–2021). It contains a road map and priorities for guaranteeing the right of children to protection from VAC.
Implementation and evaluation The National Plan of Action aims to implement all seven INSPIRE strategies; the proposed interventions include the following: (I) follow up on the legislative initiatives on violence; (N) initiate a communications campaign to raise awareness of the prevention of sexual VAC and adolescents, namely on the distortion of the use of power between adults and children; (P) create spaces for caregivers to socialize experiences and receive specialized attention from psychologists; (I) establish partnerships with combined savings and credit associations of Paraguay; and (R) train the Case Referral Center staff on comprehensive care for children and adolescent victims of sexual violence.
Budget The cost of the National Plan of Action is estimated at US$50 million for a fve-year period. The current budget for the direct care of children and adolescents is US$12,000. With additional support from NGOs and cooperation agencies, only 5 per cent of the annual funding for care is available.
Opportunities
  1. Review the National Plan of Action in 2018 to align it with the evidence gathered for the study published in The Drivers of Violence Affecting Children in Paraguay report;
  2. Map all existing stakeholders and coordinate efforts in an effective way;
  3. Report on the implementation of the National Plan of Action in June 2018; and
  4. Ensure the implementation of the ban on corporal punishment, including awareness-raising campaigns and training on positive discipline for parents and professionals.
References
  • National Plan of Action for the Protection of Children from All Forms of Violence (2017–2021); The Drivers of Violence Affecting Children in Paraguay, Asunción: UNICEF
Reporting into SDGs Paraguay will report to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2018 (July).
Government contact Ricardo Gonzalez Borgne, Executive Secretary of the National Secretariat for Children and Adolescents.