CRC selected recommendations from June 2010:

  1. The effective prohibition of the application of the death penalty of the death penalty to persons under 18 years of age;
  2. The adoption of child violence awareness-raising activities and dialogues with traditional leaders and training for adults and children;
  3. The adoption of a bill to outlaw torture and ensure that no person under the age of 18 is subject to torture or other forms of inhuman, degrading or cruel treatment.
Political will and coordination The Nigerian National Population Commission conducted the VACS in 2014. The fndings galvanized a strong political reaction at the federal and state levels. Nigerian President Mohammadu Buhari committed to ending VAC and launched the Presidential Year of Action to End VAC in 2015, coupled with the publication of Ending Violence Against Children in Nigeria – Priority Actions, developed by a high-level TWG comprised of government agencies, civil society and FBOs. The President renewed his Government’s commitments in 2016 by launching the Presidential Campaign to End Violence Against Children by 2030 in line with the SDGs, alongside a Road Map for Ending Violence Against Children, which includes a commitment to develop a comprehensive NAP. Seven federal states have also launched their own campaigns to end VAC, developing similar Priority Actions. The campaign is supported by UNICEF and PEPFAR, with fnancial support from USAID, CDC and the European Union. For the parts of the country affected by humanitarian efforts, the United Nations Offce for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs convenes monthly Humanitarian Coordination Meetings in Borno and supports the government-led State Humanitarian Coordination Forum, including the Protection Sector Working Group and its subgroups on child protection and gender-based violence.
Consultation The TWG is convened and chaired by the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development. Seven federal states have established TWGs. The TWGs at the federal and state levels include representatives from key government institutions and civil society entities, including legal aid providers, NGOs and religious groups. The TWG led consultations to develop the Priority Actions, the Road Map and the Annual Progress Review documents involving ministries and NGOs from 19 states and religious leaders representing 24 groups in Nigeria. The fndings of the Drivers of Violence Against Children and different assessments of public investment also engaged the TWG.
Data collection Nigeria was the frst country in West Africa to undertake a VACS (2014). Led by the National Population Commission of the Federal Government of Nigeria, the survey was technically supported by CDC and UNICEF. It consisted of a cross-sectional household survey of females and males aged 13–24 years, designed to produce national-level estimates of experiences of violence. The Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development is leading the expansion of child protection information management systems in both development and emergency contexts, producing regular data on providing services to children victims of VAC.
National road map/action plan Nigeria’s Road Map for Ending Violence Against Children by 2030 was published in October 2016. It states that the Government of Nigeria is committed to ending VAC in all settings. The Road Map addresses the most serious forms of violence, including corporal punishment, but does not specifcally commit to eliminating all forms of corporal punishment. The TWG is currently developing a National Action Plan and Social Norms Change Strategy.
Implementation and evaluation National priority focus areas in the Road Map include the following: 1) implementing laws and policies to prevent and respond to violence; 2) escalating efforts to prevent violence and enhancing the response to violence; 3) increasing investment in child protection; 4) improving research, monitoring and evaluation on VAC; and 5) modelling the child protection system. Ending Violence Against Children in Nigeria – Priority Actions is a key document that identifes the main partners and actions to undertake under each strategy. Recognizing that the Priority Actions do not contain budget allocations, a time frame or a monitoring and evaluation framework, the Government of Nigeria has committed to developing the NAP in 2018.
Budget In 2017, UNICEF supported the Government of Nigeria in its frst baseline assessment of child protection expenditure, the Child Protection Financial Benchmark, and started analysing the costs and budgets of child protection services; results should be available in the frst quarter of 2018. These studies materialize the presidential commitment made in the Road Map and are expected to inform the development of a sound budget for the implementation of the Priority Actions.
Opportunities
  1. Develop a comprehensive national plan to end VAC with an associated timeline, budget, identifcation of clear responsibilities and national targets in view of the baseline obtained from the VACS;
  2. Develop a Social Norms Change National Strategy addressing VAC, linked to the NAP;
  3.  Conduct a study on the economic impacts and costs resulting from the consequences of physical, psychological and sexual VAC, which will constitute a powerful advocacy tool along with the Financial Benchmark and costing of the child protection services;
  4. Continue to promote the Child Rights Act of 2003 which, to date, has been enacted in 24 states (out of 36 in the Federation); the state Child Rights Laws specifcally prohibit all forms of VAC and corporal punishment;
  5. Continue modelling the government-led comprehensive programme to end VAC in Nigeria in nine states by building sustainable child protection systems for replication across the country; enhance integrated service delivery and information management systems that have garnered promising results (an initial 25 per cent increase in services provided to children reporting cases was recorded in Cross River, one of the model states). This compares to the VACS fndings indicating that less than 5 per cent of children (2 per cent of boys) reporting VAC cases actually receive any type of support; and
  6. Use lessons from the humanitarian response in the north-east of the country to cross-fertilize programmes in development and in emergency affected states.
References
Reporting into SDGs Nigeria reported to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2017. 
Government contact Jummai Mohammed, Child Development Director, Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development