CRC selected recommendations from October 2010:

  1. The adoption of a new National Plan of Action for Children in light of the Convention and the ratifed Protocols;
  2. The implementation of an Anti-Violence Strategy for the reduction of child abuse/ violence, which stresses the need to utilize awareness-campaigns;
  3. The augmentation of the quality of the school in terms of interactive teaching methods, better equipment of school and acknowledgement of child violence.
Political will and coordination The Government recently adopted the frst-ever Strategy for the Prevention and Protection of Children from Violence 2017–2021 to achieve a Montenegro free of VAC. With the same aim, in 2016, the Family Law of Montenegro was amended, prohibiting all forms of VAC, including corporal punishment. In January 2016, the Government of Montenegro instigated annual high-level inter-ministerial meetings on the protection of children from violence and exploitation, with the objective of fostering intersectoral cooperation, facilitating dialogue on the problem at the highest political level and directing government policy in this area. Reiterating the Government’s commitment to end VAC and to promote systematic efforts to prevent it, a multi-year campaign, End Violence, was launched by the Prime Minister of Montenegro in July 2016. The frst phase addressed online violence, while the second phase, initiated at a high-level conference in February 2017, focuses on family violence and all forms of childhood adversity. This conference, as well as public talks about children and parents held in 22 of 23 municipalities, sparked a public debate on the protection of children from all forms of violence. .
Consultation Montenegro’s national Action Plan 2017–2021 to prevent and protect children from violence was developed through multi-stakeholder, multisectoral consultations that included the Government, UNICEF, NGOs, academia, the media and youth networks..
Data collection The frst survey on adverse childhood experiences was carried out in 2013; it reported a high prevalence of violence and other adversity in childhood at a policy dialogue supported by WHO. In the same year, the research institute Ipsos carried out a survey on the awareness, attitudes and practices of VAC. In 2016, the SOS helpline for women and children victims of violence Niksic, the Centre for Women’s Rights and UNICEF conducted a similar survey among the public related to VAC. In addition, research was conducted on the online experiences of children and parents within the Global Kids Online research network developed by UNICEF Innocenti in collaboration with the London School of Economics.
National road map/action plan In 2017, the Government launched the frst Montenegro Strategy for the Prevention and Protection of Children from Violence and the Action Plan 2017–2021. It sets out the vision, goal and strategic objectives with a multidisciplinary response, and covers key areas, such as schools, primary health care centres, social services and the judicial system. Community-based operational multidisciplinary teams for protection from family violence and VAC, now operating in 17 municipalities, have created a comprehensive multisectoral approach to the protection of children from all forms of neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation.
Implementation and evaluation

Designing a system to monitor and evaluate is one of the strategic objectives of the Action Plan. It aims to implement six INSPIRE strategies; the proposed interventions include: (I) amend the Labour Code to incorporate provisions stipulating a record of no prior convictions for severe VAC, in particular sexual exploitation or abuse, as a job requirement for people working with children; (S) eliminate the repeated victimization of child victims and witnesses by setting up separate child-friendly rooms in the courts and prosecution offces, separating the child from the perpetrator, using video links to interview children in separate rooms and upgrading the equipment; (P) enhance the quality and frequency of home visits by nurses to families with newborn babies; and (R) set up child and adolescent psychiatric wards and develop quality services to work with the perpetrators of VAC.

Within the WePROTECT global programme on fghting online child sexual exploitation, the Net Friend educative mobile app for children was launched to raise awareness of online safety among children, the general public and professionals.

Budget The cost of each intervention is estimated on a yearly or one-time basis.
Opportunities
  1. Quantify the key performance indicators and organize an effective monitoring and evaluation mechanism; and
  2. Ensure the implementation of the 2016 ban on corporal punishment, including awareness-raising campaigns and training on positive discipline for parents and professionals
References Montenegro Strategy for the Prevention and Protection of Children from Violence and the Action Plan 2017–2021
Reporting into SDGs Montenegro reported to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2016.
Government contact Kemal Purišić, Minister of Labour and Social Welfare.