CRC selected recommendations from July 2014:

  1. The complete abolition of corporal punishment from all the settings of a child’s life;
  2. The creation and implementation of the national strategic plan for the promotion of child welfare and protection;
  3. The thorough and effective investigation and prosecution of perpetrators that assault violate or kill children, and the creation of support services for child victims.
Political will and coordination The commitment of the Government of Indonesia to fulfil and protect child rights is visible in its National Mid-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019 in which milestones of child welfare and protection are set. Comprehensive policies and programs can be divided into prevention and child protection. In terms of prevention, the country launched a holistic strategy to prevent child rights violations. The strategy, translated into a measurable program called child friendly district/city, covers family learning centres, child friendly schools, children’s fora and community-based child protection initiatives. Achievements include 68% coverage; 349 out of 516 districts/ cities were considered child friendly in 2017. In terms of protection, Government of Indonesia currently enacts Law No. 17/2016 to weighting down penalties for perpetrators of violence against children. This law adds the already established legal documents enacted particularly to protect children such as Law No. 23/2002 on Child Protection, Law No. 11/2012 on Juvenile Justice System and Law No. 35/2014 on the Revision of Child Protection law No. 23/2002. To translate the laws, Government of Indonesia created the National Strategy to Eliminate Violence against Children 2016- 2020. The strategy focuses on cross-sector partnership and collecting initiatives from both government institutions as well as community organizations to determine key principles, priority interventions and coordination and monitoring mechanisms. The strategy emphasizes six areas which include: supporting legislation and policy implementation, contesting social norms and values in favour of violence, enhancing loving and supporting child care, providing accessible and quality services for victims, and improving data and evidence. The Government of Indonesia, through the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection currently has a flagship program called ‘Three Ends’, which stands for ending violence against women and children, ending women and children trafficking and ending economic barriers for women. These threeending programs are inter-connected, each contributing to one another.
Consultation The development and implementation of both strategies involves all relevant national ministries, local government agencies, various national and sub-national nongovernment organizations (NGOs), private sectors, media, religious and community groups, youth and children forum as well as face-to-face and on-line consultation with children.
Data collection Data collection is carried out using an online system called ‘Simfoni’ by which local governments across Indonesia submit their data on cases of violence against children, services provided and progress report of the cases. This system also maps the status of child friendly districts/cities across the country. A systematic literature review and data analysis was also conducted. Moreover, the Government has committed resources to conduct a VACS in 2018 and to continue evaluating the child-friendly district/city program annually.
National road map/action plan The Government revitalized the Intervention Strategy since 2010 and launched the National Strategy in 2016. These Strategies create links to other existing policies, list priority actions and set out concrete indicators based on the RPJMN.
Implementation and evaluation Both strategies are in-line with INSPIRE. They are based on the implementation and enforcement of laws, take into account current existing norms and values, promote safe and supporting environments, focus on parenting and caregiving, enhance economic and income generating of women which results in better care of children, emphasize prompt response and support services and acknowledge the importance of education and life skills of children. The evaluation process will take place under the coordination of the Ministry of National Development Planning, in cooperation with the Ministry for Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection and the Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Cultural Affairs. With the establishment of SDG Secretariat at the Ministry of National Development Planning, relevant programs and targets are integrated in monitoring relevant SDG targets.
Budget Significant funds have been allocated across ministries, namely with the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection. The Ministry has experienced an increase of more than 400% in 2015, with 30% allocated to prevention and protection programs.
Opportunities
  1. Strong and active local NGOs deliver interventions in various parts of Indonesia and establish a National Task Force on Child-Friendly District/City Program and a CSO Alliance on Elimination of Violence against Children. Indonesia child friendly companies, child friendly media network and national and sub-national children forums have also been established and they actively contribute to current child policy development and implementation. This ensures that interventions and coordination are inclusive, multi-sectoral and responsive in Indonesia’s decentralized context;
  2. Pilot interventions have been implemented. Many are documented and evaluated for scale up interventions throughout the country;
  3. The Government has embarked on financial benchmarking for child protection studies and has evidence to shift towards prevention programmes;
  4. Availability of funding, appetite for data, and commitment to monitor SDG target 16.2. will lead to a violence against children survey;
  5. Existence of evidence, evaluated model programmes and political commitment set the ground to prohibit all forms of violence against children. This will include childfriendly schools to ensure prohibition is appropriately resourced and implemented, including through awareness-raising campaigns and training on positive discipline for teachers, parents, caregiver institutions and professionals.
References
Reporting into SDGs Indonesia reported to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2017.
Government contact Pribudiarta Nur Sitepu, Ministerial Secretary of the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection